Using and creating schema, or background knowledge
Good readers make connections between what they know and what they read. This can take the form of text-to-self connections, text-to-text connections, and text-to-world connections. But it can also mean that readers use what they know about a particular author or genre or type of text to help them comprehend.
activate their background knowledge before, during, and after they read texts
add new information to their schema and change existing schema as they read
recognize when they lack background knowledge about a topic and they know how to create it to get the information they need